Why just to Montecatini Terme?
For who it loves the art, Montecatini Terme is one city all to discover: from it frescoes and the honor in style liberty of Galileo Chini who impreziosiscono the times and the colonnati ones of our common to the ceramics of dislocate Basilio Cascella inside of the thermal plants of Montecatini Terme and many other artists of the beginnings of `the 900 that they have rendered celebre these “villas of eaux” all over the world.
Montecatini Terme is one of the more famous thermal cities for the natural cure of waters, situated in the heart of the Tuscany between Florence, Pisa and Siena. From we stress is only a memory: vacations between golf, tennis and relax in the green of the parks, guarantee an optimal hospitality and one kitchen of international level.
The European city is one of the understood one them of the terme. Montecatini Terme has been formed and developed around its more precious good, its waters. One of the first characteristics that the host hits is the great surface of green that is found in the “heart” of the city. The thermal park in fact occupies 460,000 meters square very. One true and own “green citadel” to ridosso of the thermal plants. Montecatini Terme is a relatively young city that has been developed between l’800 and the ’900. Anciently one called Baths of Montecatini, solo in 1928 assumed the name puts into effect them of Montecatini Terme.
Montecatini can boast centuries of history. Ancient and recent E’ from constituted a connubio of, identifiable respective with High Montecatini, center of the ancient castle, true historical center, and with the zone of the thermal baths. The first period is that front one to 1554, year in which the castle of High Montecatini it came destroyed.
To testimony of the covered importance the castle pack-saddles to remember that around to the Thousands it was encircled from two kilometers of walls, with 2 fortresses and 35 towers.
According to period, than it can be made to leave from 1773, is marked from the great reforms of the Granduca Leopoldo, with the return to the salubrità and rising of the modern thermal Montecatini.
The last scene is at last that one of the history of our days, to begin from the period liberty of the beginnings of the century, with the birth of the common one of Baths of Montecatini in 1905 and the successive one and puts into effect them denomination of city of Montecatini Terme.
Montecatini Terme: an exceptional tourist truth in the whose heart manifest one extraordinary vital force. Precious the gift of the nature is in fact in a position to regenerating not only the organism weighted down and worn away from stress of convulsa the city life, but the same inner vitalità, that wonderful truth that single us can concur one balanced and happy life.
You choose our hotel and you will not repent to have cured in the details also the crib of yours relax.
Nature and atmosphere
Montecatini Terme finds to the feet of an amphitheater of greens hills, than preludono to the pistoiese Appennino, half hour of freeway from Florence and to the center of an artistic comprensorio of exceptional importance. Montecatini Terme can be considered not only more prestigious the thermal locality of Italy, but also one of most famous of the world. The remarkable curative effectiveness of waters chloride-sulfate-sodiche, particularly indicated in the affections of the liver, the biliary ways and the digesting apparatus, and the receptive equipments of prim’ordine, justify the crescent national interest and international for the stay to Montecatini also for a psychological regeneration in the environmental conditions them ideal for the balanced relationship between natural values and speeds up hospitality.
Centuries of ancient history
The history of Montecatini Terme is for many centuries that one of High Montecatini, whose first memory laughed them to one argument between Bishops for the possession of two churches, contesa so ignited to make to take part the king Liutprando and the bishop of Florence Spezioso (716). In a 1164 compact community war to the Ghibellines is organized muovendo of close castle of Marliana destroying it. After this first one succeeding the Montecatinesi a consistent one will only in exchange for resist also to the Lucchesi yielding theirs roccaforte strategic gruzzolo. In the 1300 High Montecatini it had an imposing appearance, beyond 1000 meters of walls, 7 doors and very 25 towers. For its position it was to the center of one of the more bloody battles and fratricide of the medieval history. Having received the guelfi you escape yourself from Lucca for being left over of Uguccione of the Faggiola, it came besieged from the Ghibellines, it commands to you from Castruccio Castracani of the Antelminelli. In aid of it besieges came 50,000 very makes to you you fiorentini to the commando of the real ones of Naples. The battle was tremendous and revealed the Corps of Engineers of Castruccio that succeeded, although the wounded, to reach for first on rocca 31 August 1315, while little far away Dante Alighieri meditated on the immane slaughter. Montecatini had in fate other vicissitudes and other you besiege end when Cosimo of the Doctors, following the suggestion of the Machiavelli, to destroy the places where people want living with own laws, the razed ones to the ground dismantling some walls to them and burning all that that could some remember the traditions. But the more important history for the glares that it has to the days ours is that one of the discovery of waters. The first studies go back to 1300 and in the 1477 the Terme is already organized with efficient systems. In the 1572 they come encircled from walls and turn out attended from important personality of the age. True the great founder of it puts into effect them Montecatini Terme is the Granduca Peter Leopoldo di Lorena who entrusted to being worth hydraulic engineers the sistemazione of the sources, starting the construction of Regal Bath (1773), of the Terme Leopoldine (1779) and of the Canopy in the same year. The city came also regulated from urbanistico ordering slowly of architect Nicolò Gasparo Paoletti. The currently used waters are two weak people, the Refreshment and the Canopy, one medium the Queen, and two forts, the Turret and the Tamerici. Montecatini Terme in its history and its thermal truth reveals a remarkable diversification of tourist interests such from hunger a complete occasion also for who does not have specific need of the thermal cure.
What to see to Montecatini Terme
The visit of Montecatini Terme cannot that to begin from its arrogant plants. The Park of the Terme is an immensest natural comprensorio that ago they give to sontuoso scene to the various thermal plants, all equips you of wide and pleasant halls for mescita and the equipments for svago and the relax. Between the 11 present plants, the more imposing is that one of the Canopy, whose source has become the symbol of Montecatini Terme. The building puts into effect them, created from Giovannozzi, is a harmonious articulation of halls, outpatient’s departments and spaces intermediate of great breath, decorates to you from artists of first the nine hundred. Imposing also the plant Queen, whose waters, convogliate in tempietto a circular, catch up a great hall preceded from a monumental porch. Terme the Leopoldine collects, in a great crater of beyond 22 meters of diameter, the water warmer than all. The Tamerici plant, acclimatized in a part of the park particularly collection, serves its waters in a complex of buildings beginning century, while the Excelsior plant, risen in 1906, collects all the types of water in an only ideal atmosphere for the cure in the colder periods of the year. The new Excelsior carries out the same function in the most modern architectonic space, formed from a hall for 2,000 persons and with fields for inalatori the balneotherapeutic cures and with one potentiality of 1200 every day treatments. Of remarkable suggestion it acclimatizes them the park of the Panteraie. High Montecatini, with its exceptional panoramic sight and the rests of its densest history, is to little steps and it is caught up also with the funicular.
The great music
Montecatini has made from always from frame the inspiration of great protagonists of the musical history.
Gioacchino Rossini has passed to Montecatini long periods, soggiornando to the Greater Inn, in which still conserve its “room of music”.
Giuseppe Verdi has been host accustoms them from 1882 for the nineteen years succeeded to you. During its summery stays to Montecatini one habitually met with Arrigo Boito and Giulio Memories. Its stays coincided with the elaboration and the composition of fundamental pages of its production which, the third action of Otello and the orchestrazione of the Falstaff.
Its personal objects, pianoforte and the testimonies of varied kind (autograph photographies, documents etc.) are conserved near the Academy of Art of Montecatini.
Giacomo Puccini attended Montecatini assiduously. He worked to the drawing up of the Child of the West, written during along period of permanence to the Hotel Appennino di High Montecatini (where conserve still a small theatre, place of the first musical tests of the work). To Montecatini he discussed with Gioachino Forzano, still young local journalist, the plans of new works and with Arthur Toscanini and Enrico Caruso, other assiduous hosts, the preparations of its works.
Ruggero Leoncavallo, after to have been occasional host of the city, was tied to Montecatini much to move itself definitively becoming for many years one of the entertainers more meant you of the cultural and musical life of the city until its dead women, happened to Montecatini in 1919. And we can still remember, between the hosts of the Terme, Peter Mascagni, Richard Strauss, Alberto Franchetti (that it attended Montecatini with Of Notice) Umberto Giordano, Ildebrando Pizzetti, Riccardo Zandonai. In the years succeeded to you the cultural life and the musical activity of the city maintained to a level much elevating. The Stable Orchestra of Florence, that it will then take the name of Orchestra of the Musical May Fiorentino, realized to Montecatini, inside of the Terme Canopy, an important summery review of concerts, directed from GUI, Zandonai, Scherchen and other directors of the age. This patrimony sostanzia in historical memories, testimonies, bibliography and in one great amount of photographic documents, personal objects and manuscripts.